SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CANCER DISEASE
WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CANCER?
Signs and symptoms are signs of disease or disability – signals that something in the body is wrong.
The sign is a sign that can also be noticed by someone else – a patient close to the patient, doctor, nurse or relative.For example, fever, rapid breathing or abnormal lung noises heard with the stethoscope may be signs of pneumonia.
Symptom is a signal the individual can feel alone. It can not easily be noticed by a side observer. For example, weakness, pain and shortness of breath can be symptoms of pneumonia.
The presence of one sign or symptom may not be sufficient to determine the cause of a disease. For example, rash in children may be a sign of many conditions, such as poisonous plants, smallpox, skin infections, or food allergy. But if the rash is accompanied by other signs and symptoms, such as fever, chills, soreness and sore throat, the doctor will be more easily diagnosed. Occasionally, signs and symptoms of the disease are not sufficient to make the diagnosis.Medical research, such as blood count, X-ray, biopsy, and so on, is required.
WHAT SYMPTOMS AND SIGNS ARE CHARACTERISTIC OF DISEASE CANCER?
Cancer is a large group of diseases (over 200) that can be manifested with all sorts of signs and symptoms. They depend on the localization of the tumor, its size, and to what extent it affects certain organs and tissues. If the tumor is metastatic, the symptoms can be manifested by different areas of the body.
As the tumor grows, the tumor begins to press the neighboring organs, blood vessels and nerves. This pressure causes some of the signs and symptoms of the disease. If the tumor is in a critical area of the body, some parts of the brain, even its small size, can cause symptoms.
Sometimes, however, tumors develop in places where they do not cause symptoms until they have grown to size. For example, pancreatic tumors often do not give symptoms or signs until they start to press the neighbor organs and nerves (causing abdominal or back pain). Others grow around the bile duct and stop the bladder outflow. The result is a yellowing of the eyes and skin (jaundice). By the time the above-mentioned symptoms occur, the tumor is already at an advanced stage. This means that it has already spread beyond the limits of its original outbreak – the pancreas.
Cancer can also cause symptoms like fever, severe tiredness and tiredness or weight loss. This is because the tumor cells use much of the body’s energy or release substances that change the way energy is taken from the food.
Cancer can also cause symptoms associated with an immune system reaction.
Sometimes tumors release into the blood stream substances that are not directly related to the tumor process. For example, some pancreatic tumors release substances causing venous thrombosis in the lower limbs. Certain lung tumors produce hormone-like substances that increase the levels of calcium in the blood. This affects nerves and muscles and makes one feel tired and dizzy.
IS THERE ANY BENEFIT FROM RECOGNIZING THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF THE DISEASE?
Cancer treatment is most effective in early cancer detection – when the tumor is still small and is unlikely to have metastasized to other areas of the body. This means greater chances for cure, especially when the tumor can be surgically removed.
A good example of the importance of early diagnosis is skin melanoma. It can easily be removed if it does not penetrate deep into the skin. Five-year survival in such patients is 98%. Once metastasized to other parts of the body, the 5-year melanoma survival rate is about 16%.
Often people do not pay attention to the symptoms. Maybe they do not realize that symptom may mean something in their body is wrong. Others are frightened of what these symptoms may mean and deliberately do not seek medical attention. There are also people who can not afford to seek specialized medical advice.
Some symptoms, such as tiredness and cough, are more likely to be caused by something other than cancer.Symptoms may seem insignificant, especially if there is a clear cause, or the problem is recent. Women often think that breasts are probably cysts that will disappear on their own. No symptom, however, should be underestimated, especially if it worsens or lasts a long time.
The most common signs and symptoms are not caused by cancer, but it is good to specify – in any case. If the cause is not cancer, it will be detected and, if necessary, treated.
In medical practice, it is happening before the onset of symptoms. Various Cancer Organizations recommend certain tests and procedures even in the absence of symptoms. They allow early diagnosis of cancer. Even if you have a manual with the recommended tests, you need to consult a doctor if any symptoms occur.
WHAT ARE THE COMMON SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CANCER?
It is good to know the common signs and symptoms of cancer – so you can save your own life or the life of a close person. But do not forget that the presence of one of them does not necessarily mean a diagnosis of cancer – many other illnesses can be with such symptoms. If you have any of these symptoms and they last for a long time, consult your doctor for sure. You can also contact one of the consultants on this site .
UNEXPLAINED WEIGHT LOSS
Most oncology patients start losing weight at a time. When you lose weight for an unclear reason, it is called unexplained weight loss. Losing a few pounds without a reason can be one of the first signs of the presence of cancer in the body. Weight loss is most often seen in tumors of the pancreas, stomach, esophagus and lung.
Fever is a common symptom of cancer, but it is usually seen in a distant process. Most patients show this symptom at some stage of the disease, especially if cancer or therapy affects the immune system (which makes it difficult for the body to fight infections). Fewer temperatures and fever can be early signs of haematological diseases such as lymphomas and leukemias.
There is a cause for anxiety when this condition does not improve after resting. It can be an important symptom of cancer. As an early symptom it occurs in leukemias. Sometimes, gastric and pancreatic carcinoma can lead to an inconspicuous (occult) blood loss, i. anemia. This is another illness that causes easy tiredness.
In some types of cancer, such as testicular or bone cancer, pain can be an early symptom. Treatment-defective headache may be a symptom of a brain tumor. Back pain may be associated with tumors of the rectum, colon and ovaries. In most cases, cancer-related pain means an advanced stage of the disease.
In addition to skin tumors, some other types of tumors can also cause skin changes. These signs and symptoms include:
- Darkening of the skin (hyperpigmentation)
- Yellowing (jaundice or jaundice)
- Redness (erythema)
- Pruritus (pruritus)
- Extreme Hair
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CERTAIN TYPES OF TUMORS
Simultaneously with general symptomatology, other signs and symptoms pointing to the diagnosis of cancer should be monitored. Of course, we must say again that there may be other reasons for them to emerge. However, consultation with a doctor is necessary, especially if the problem worsens or persists for a long time.
CHANGES IN BOWEL AND BLADDER BEHAVIOR
Prolonged constipation, disorder and changes in stool quantities may be a sign of colorectal cancer. Urine pain, blood in the urine, or frequent and unexpected urinary urgency may be associated with a bladder or prostate tumor. For such problems, it is advisable to immediately consult a doctor.
Skin cancer may look like a non-healing bleeding wound. Continuous enlargement in the oral cavity can also be a sign of cancer. This should be done immediately, especially in people who smoke, chew tobacco or drink alcohol frequently. Penile or vaginal wounds may be either an early-stage cancer or a sign of infection.
WHITE PLAQUES IN THE ORAL CAVITY OR TONGUE
These formations can be leukemia – precancerous condition caused by constant irritation. Most often it is caused by smoking or using other types of tobacco products. The highest is the risk for pipe users or chewing tobacco. If not treated promptly, leukemia may become cancer of the oral cavity. Such changes should be followed by a doctor or dentist.
It can happen both at an advanced stage and at an early stage of cancer. Coughing blood can be a symptom of lung cancer. Blood in the stools (may appear as very dark or black stools) is often a symptom of colorectal cancer.Cervical cancer or endometrium can cause abnormal vaginal bleeding. Blood in the urine may be a sign of kidney or bladder cancer. Separating blood from the nipple is often a sign of breast cancer.
SEAL OR “LUMP” IN THE MAMMARY GLAND OR OTHER BODY PARTS
Many types of tumors can feel through the skin. These are most often the tumors of the testicles, the mammary gland, the lymph nodes and the soft tissues. The seal can be both an early and late sign of cancer and should be specified by a doctor, especially if you notice it is growing. It is important to know that some types of breast cancer look like red thickening rather than a lump.
CONTINUOUS SWELLING OF THE ABDOMEN
This condition is often seen in women, but is transient. However, if swelling becomes permanent for more than 3 weeks, a doctor should be consulted.
DIGESTIVE OR SWALLOWING DISORDERS
Swallowing or wheezing problems can be due to tumors of the esophagus, stomach or swallow. Similar symptoms can also be caused by other diseases.
RECENT CHANGES IN AVAILABLE MOLES OR WARTS, AS WELL AS NEW SKIN CHANGES
Any mole, wart or fret, which begins to change in color, size and shape, or begins to lose its clear boundaries, should be immediately consulted by a specialist. The same applies to any other skin changes. These changes can be due to melanoma that is detected early and can be successfully cured.
PERMANENT IRRITATING COUGH AND HOARSE VOICE
Continuous cough may be a sign of lung cancer. The drooping and hoarse voice is often a sign of laryngeal cancer or thyroid cancer.
DEEP NIGHT SWEATS
Night sweats may be a sign of infection or side effects of some medicines. They are often seen in women around the time of menopause, but very abundant sweating over a long period of time can be alarming for some types of cancer, and it is advisable to do appropriate research.
The above signs and symptoms are the most common in certain types of tumors. However, there are others not yet listed. If you experience any major changes in the functions of your organism, especially when these conditions get worse or long – tell your doctor. If they have nothing to do with cancer, the condition will be specified and treated. If it is cancer, you will have greater chances of survival – especially when the disease is detected in an early stage.